Water is a renewable resource, unlike fossil fuels. Unfortunately, clean water is not and its sources are being exhausted everyday by our excess consumption and pollution. Thus, it is very important to think about how can we reduce its over-consumption at home.
1.Regular checking of plumbing. Check if there is any leak and fix it. You can save about 20 gallons per day for every leak you stop. Of course, it depends on how intense the leak was. Leaks of only one drip every 3 seconds wastes 30 gallons per month. Do not forget to check your swimming-pool for leaks as well. You can check this by using a pencil to mark the level of water. Control the mark one day later. Your pool should lose no more than a quarter of inch each day. Also, you should check for leaks the toilet by putting food coloring in water tank. If the color seeps into the toilet bowl, you have a leak but it is easy to fix. By fixing it you can save more than 600 gallons a month.
2. You can install low-flow showerheads and aerator taps on your sinks. They add air to the water so your water pressure stays the same but less water pours out. Before 1994, old showerheads used about 4 to 6 gallons of water per minute, but manufacturers had to follow new federal guidelines, which only allowed a maximum flow rate of 2.5 gallons per minute. Now, a low-flow showerhead uses only 1 to 2.5 gallons per minute so the reduction of water use is by about 83 percent. It means that you can save between 500 to 800 gallons of water per month. Tap aerators on bathroom and kitchen sinks can reduce the flow of water from 2.2 to 0.5 gallons per minute.
3. You should run only full loads in the washing machine and dishwasher. It saves 300 to 800 gallons per month. Or even better, wash your clothes and dishes by hand. Fill up a sink or a basin with warm, soapy water and wash the clothes or dishes on that. Finally rinse them in another sink or basin but do not leave the water running on the sink while you wash.
4. The water should not be let to run in the sink while you brush your teeth or shave. This way of shaving is a complete waste of water and energy. It would be better to plug the drain on the sink and fill it up instead of letting the water run continuously. Also, speed up the time of showering. For example, a 10-minute shower wastes a lot of hot water! 8 minutes is almost acceptable so try to aim for that and save approximately 700 gallons of water a month.
5. Do not water your lawn if it does not need it. You can check this by stepping on your grass: if it springs back when you lift your foot, it doesn’t need water. You can save about 750-1,500 gallons per month if you avoid unnecessary watering. A solution can be to convert your lawn to native plants, which survive better with our climate without too intensive irrigation.
6. While washing a car, do not run the hose. Instead, use a bucket of water and a quick hose rinse at the end. This saves 150 gallons each time.
7. Capture your tap water! If you run water while waiting for the hot water to come in before washing your face, or shaving, then you should have an empty water bottle stored under your sink and collect the water and use it for your houseplants or for something other.
These tips can help to save the consumption of water, which is really a precious resource of our planet.